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[[ Read Pdf ]] õ Twilight of the Idols/The Antichrist/Ecce Homo × Translated By Antony M Ludovici With An Introduction By Ray FurnessThe Three Works In This Collection, All Dating From Nietzsche S Last Lucid Months, Show Him At His Most Stimulating And Controversial The Portentous Utterances Of The Prophet Together With The Ill Defined Figure Of The Bermensch Are Forsaken, As Wit, Exuberance And Dazzling Insights Predominate, Forcing The Reader To Face Unpalatable Insights And To Rethink Every Commonly Accepted Truth Thinking With Nietzsche, In Jaspers Words, Means Holding One S Own Against Him, And We Are Indeed Refreshed And Challenged By The Vortex Of His Thoughts, By Concepts Which Test And ProbeIn The Twilight Of The Idols, The Antichrist, And Ecce Homo Nietzsche Writes At Breakneck Speed Of His Provenance, His Adversaries And His Hopes For Mankind The Books Are Largely Epigrammatic And Aphoristic, Allowing This Poet Philosopher To Bewilder And Fascinate Us With Their Strangeness And Their Daring He Who Fights With Monsters, Nietzsche Once Told Us, Should Look To It That He Himself Does Not Become One, And When You Gaze Long Into An Abyss, The Abyss Also Gazes Into You Reader, Beware my fav Nietzsche s thinking is sharp, brilliant and accurate at some pointssometimes through reading i found him troubled, sarcastic and even narcissistbut he has his own philosophy to analyse and clarifies his ideasfor sure i didn t like or agree with some of his views, but it s okgenerally his thoughts encourage and open many areas of life, emotions, and motives to think about. These three short books are the last works Friedrich Nietzsche wrote before he flung himself around the neck of a horse, proclaimed it a saint, and collapsed The rest of his life he spent, paralysed, in bed, while being cared for by his sister This makes all three works, which he wrote within one year 1888 a peculiar collection historically and from a philosophical point of view Students of Nietzsche have claimed time and again that one can already see the signs of his coming demise in these three works This is the same pseudo psychologism as claiming one could already see Stalin s reign of terror in the way he played with his fellow classmates when he was a child With hindsight, everything is explainable Anyway, the works themseves vary in quality and attractiveness G tzend mmerung, or Twilight of the Idols, is the first and most interesting work Nietzsche claims he philosophizes with a hammer and with it, he smashes Socrates, Plato and Christianity in thousands of pieces Socrates was the first decadent philosopher, the one who destroyed thinking for millennia Why Because he, and especially Plato, fled from this world into an imaginary world, a perfect world of Ideas Christianity took this to a whole new level with its New Testament, fleeing from this life into an afterlife Plato destroyed Hellenic superiority Christianity destroyed Judaism, as practiced by the superior Kings of old As far as Judaism was practiced in a priestly way, it was as servile and weak as Plato s philosophy and Christianity.Christianity tamed the blond beast , according to Nietzsche It has created a sick man, who revels in weakness and victimhood For him, it is time to leave this sick morality of the victim behind us, and give ourselves up to the Will to power that rests in each of us What this means, is basically to live your own life, to determine who you are with your own decisions and actions Nietzsche s existentialism is an ethic of strength, health and action, as opposed to the herd mentality of the religious and the socialists He calls this the Dionysian life a life full of vigour and passions, lived to the fullest Anyway, after dispelling with 1 Socratic and Platonic Hintlerweltlerei i.e the positing of a better, imaginary world behind this real world , 2 Kant s perversion of this other world his Welt an sich , as opposed to the Anschauungswelt 3 and Schopenhauer s extension of Kant Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung , Nietzsche decides in Der Antichrist to mount a full frontal assault on Christianity He destroys the origins and morality of both Judaism and Christianity In essence, both religions are dominated by priests, who prey on the weak to subvert morality Rabbinic Judaism and Christianity see in the meek the heroes, while promising eternal punishment in the afterlife to the strong Nietzsche doesn t seem to hold back he utterly degrades Christianity as a moral code But not only this, we modern man, decadent man have destroyed God through science and philosophy We have dismantled Christianity, but the Christian slave morality is still dominating, albeit in a muchnihilistic fashion Mankind hasn t realized yet as of writing, 1888 what he has accomplished the next 200 years will be a struggle for Mankind to come to grips with the death of God and the nihilism that remains Der Antichrist is interesting from a religious perspective, in that it offers a unique insight into the son of a Lutheran priest gone wild Especially interesting is his thesis that Judaism accomplished the denaturalization of man the eradication of all natural influences and the retreat into the spirit One can see here the development of Western thinking, and its reaction Science from Descartes onwards Nevertheless, it becomes a bit tiring after a while Nietzsche s style of prose, unfortunately, isn t the best suited for a long treatise on religious criticismWith Ecce Homo or, Behold here, Man the trilogy comes to a close In this little work, Nietzsche tries to paint a picture of himself, through his own eyes Although the earlier two works were both difficult to follow and seemed to border on the insane if not for the fact that Nietzsche already proclaimed these doctrines in his earlier works , Ecce Homo seems to be to be uninterpretable.Nietzsche starts of by describing how his dead father and his living mother influenced him to be a decadent, but at the same time a very un decadent philosopher Then he explains all his suffering digestion problems, blindness, depressions, etc and after this, he goes into detailed analysis and review of all his earlier books Since I haven t read all of his earlier works just Morgenr te, Zur Genealogie der Moral, G tzend mmerung and Der Antichrist , I cannot really say anything useful about these parts of the book He ends the book with, once , a critique on the slave morality of Christianity and signs off with Dionysus versus the Crucified At this point in his career as a philosopher of culture because that was what Nietzsche in essence was he had uncovered the germ that causes the sick society he saw around him The Christian slave morality and the death of God through science, had tamed the blonde beasts In this sense, it is interesting to note that G tzend mmerung Twilight of the Idols was originally intended to be the first part of a larger work, Der Umwertung aller Werte the transvaluation of all values Nietzsche saw it as his task to, after destroying the slave morality, offer us new guidelines to a supreme morality Anyway, shortly after he succumbed to psychotic attacks and spend the rest of his days, until 1900, as a paralyzed patient suffering from strokes and nervous breakdowns The life of Nietzsche is a strange one, also a tragic one It is the life of a sick and lonely man, who grew up in a religious context but looked down on these dogmatic delusions, and who resented the world around him His obsession with strength, courage, action and determining one s own life seems to stem from his own shortcomings as a human being His crusade against weakness and resentment seems in reality to be a deep seated self hatred But I will not continue my pseudo psychologizing of Nietzsche it s just that his life and his circumstances almost seem to beg for the obvious remark that his philosophy was his own version of Idealism in the Platonic sense Is this collection of Nietzsche s last three works worth reading WellI don t think one can get anything from it if one is unfamiliar with some of Nietzsche s earlier works And even then, Nietzsche is a very peculiar taste in literature I personally don t like his style of prose, at all So read it, or maybe not This review is for Twilight of the Idols and Ecce Homo. See my previous review of The Anti Christ here is utterly brilliant, and it doesn t take a skilled philosopher to realize this In fact, most trained philosophers of the 21st century don t take Nietzsche seriously precisely because he was not a logician, or a systematic philosopher in any sense of the word On the contrary, Nietzsche was a self proclaimed disciple of Dionysus the first immoralist, psychologist, and Antichrist, he did not utilize propositional logic, nay he wrote in thunderbolts with flashes of divine inspiration of lightning artistic ecstasy, and the will to power, the yea to life in a Dionysean orgaism This is Nietzsche the prophet, not just Nietzsche the philosopher or philologist.It is in the spirit of the aforesaid that Nietzsche wrote Twilight and Ecce during his later years previous to his breakdown Twilight of the Idols is a brilliant piece wherein Nietzsche discusses things from the problem of Socrates, seeing Socratic reason and virtue, and also Plato s idealism and forms, as wholly opposite of what the true Greek spirit stood for Nietzsche ruminates on a lot of what he put forth in The Birth of Tragedy see my review here but he is hereconcise and candid.Nietzsche further discusses the problems with the Germans, and rages pretty hard against nationalism, German culture or lack thereof, and German idealism Nietzsche hates Kant as much as he hates Plato and Socrates, among others like Hegel and his ridiculous system In short, Twilight is Nietzsche s harbinger against all idols which he defines as any idealism that takes away from the apparent world which is the real world, and such a real world as postulated by the Christians, Kantians or can t ians as Nietzsche jested is wholly a figment of projecting decadent morality to an ontological maximum, something unfounded and unwarranted given our natural Dionysian instincts of sensuality and power and the senses, which is all humans have, and hence the truly strong willed must yield to their Dionysian nature To hell with the Christian trick of free will and consequent sin, remorse, and guilt a grand trick by the priests and semi priests of old, the weak and decadent Ecce Homo is Nietzsche s lucid thoughts concerning his life s work thitherto in his early forties He recounts a lot of interesting personal notes one would not understand unless they were well acquainted with his works and life Nietzsche also has, again, a nice diatribe against the Germans, and seems to want to exonerate his blood by trying to convince his readers he is mostly Polish anyway To be sure, as much as Nietzsche was read and taught during his lifetime from Russia and Denmark to France and America, he was scarcely mentioned in his own native country, Germany.In short, a great collection of Nietzschean thought, and as always, Nietzsche is dynamite with his aphorisms and maxims, but one needs to make sure that they are adept in Nietzschean hermeneutics, lest they wrestle the intended meaning of out of his wry and clever maxims.