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This is a wonderful look at the ways in which our society takes those it cannot control, understand, or kill, and turns them into the monsters that inhabit our films, novels, and dreams My only complaint is that the critique the book offers is a bit repetitive The author references a handful of works throughout the book, even though there are ample other sources he could use in his analysis For me, this limits the scope of the book The title promises something bigger than the text delivers There are also a few factual errors in the text, most regarding plot points in a small number of U.S horror films. What lies behind or within the old stories, the stories of slanted shadows and creatures unknown but experienced Braudy takes you along an evolutionary path to show how monsters from nature are like King Kong, monsters from what humans manufacture are like Frankenstein, monsters from within ourselves are like Mr Hyde, and monsters from the past are like Dracula This is the working formula The rest comes down to storytelling, which to evoke the sensation of being haunted, is about weaving together the cultural terrors that fill your culture Then you ll see the semblance of the categories above or categories from other old horrors Braudy focused on the Reformation and Counter Reformation era as a catalyst for horror stories we ve inherited today in the West The clash of religious cultures and ideals was mixed with the sensation of the known world being torn apart Insecurity swelled in the hearts and nothing seemed predictable any A situation like that is the playground for fear Braudy shared John Damascene s list of six varieties of fear, which provide nuance in the fears we feel His list is shrinking fear of something about to happen , shame fear aroused by anticipation of blame , disgrace fear arising from a base act already committed , anxiety fear of failing or misfortune , consternation amazement or dismay that hinders or throws into confusion and panic The first four are fears generated by reality, while consternation and panic are products of the imagination p.28 The thesis of Braudy s book is that we interpret the fear we feel with the cultural lenses we ve inherited We re nurtured by our societies to name the evils as we ve learned to name them The stories are about such naming Yet there are at least two types of interactions with horror stories One type focuses on explaining a horror or potential horror by, in my interpretation, consciously observing the times, subconsciously experiencing one of John Damascene s fears, and then consciously telling a fear based story that hopes to share of the past s emotion by telling a story that is than the facts, but elicits similar emotion to the first experience These stories could have moral goals, as in don t do what we tried to do Another type of interaction is a warrior stance where the participant in the story adventures into the darkness of the story, into the heart of terror, with the hope of coming out victorious The warrior journeys through the terror and remains alive This is what s happening in those who love horror movies and fright houses they re battling the terrors that can be shown them, coming close to the sensation of death itself, all to come out alive on the other side. This is truly one of those it s not you, it s me cases The description of this book is SO interesting, right Exploring how human fears have created various monsters through the centuries, and explaining why those fears and monsters still exist today Freaking fascinating stuff But I am not as smart as this book is Not by a long shot Nor am I at all, in the slightest interested in philosophy to the depth that is presented here, especially the religious sort And there is a lot religious philosophy here than was advertised Had I known that before hand, I would never have requested this book It bores me to the point that I had to be careful about when I tried to read this book Directly after drinking a cup of coffee was best so I could stay awake All that isn t to say that this isn t a worthwhile book, and that s why I m giving it 3 stars, even though I couldn t finish the damn thing I kept trying to read the Frankenstein chapter for a week before finally throwing in the towel This book is SO well researched And the author gives tons of details and facts to back up every point he makes, even coming at it from various angles just to make his evidence clearer Just judging it by that metric, it s a 5 star book all day But for me, I just can t do it I m a dirty pleb who needs her non fiction written in a journalistic style, and I fully own that Yale Press comes out with so many amazingly interesting titles, I m just sad that this one wasn t at all meant for me If you are interested in deep philosophical discussions drawing from all kinds of sources, and making links that were previously unexplored, you will LOVE this book Seriously However, if you quickly bore of that kind of thing because you see the world in black and white terms which makes it hard to care about shades of gray Maybe not so much Copy courtesy of Yale University Press, via Netgalley in exchange for an honest review. Review title Vampires, mummies, and the Holy GhostJimmy Buffet, in one of his lesser known songs, lists these three phenomenon as the things that terrify me the most In this academic study of monsters in history, religion, literature, and movies, Leo Braudy includes them among several others in his monstrous taxonomy monsters of nature King Kong , created monsters Frankenstein s creature , the monster within Dr Hyde , and the monster from history Dracula He also devotes large sections of his argument to religion as a source and competitor to horror, and to detective fiction as a comparison and contrast to horror Therein lies the key distraction that kept me from rating Haunted higher Braudy could have gone one of two directions with this If the title had indicated that this book was an academic exercise in literary criticism to develop a theoretical construct to serve as the basis for a follow up book focused on the four categories of monster and identifying the key characteristics of each with the many examples of each from books and movies, he would have gotten probably fewer readers in the first instance and one or two additional stars in the second And the fewer readers of the first book, myself included because I would still be interested in that book, would have given it a positive review because they understood the premise going in One clue to Braudy s own confusion on his intent in Haunted is his introduction of topics with frequent references that the topic will be fully developed in later chapters When I see this pattern, it is usually a clue to me that the author is unsure of the true organization of his topic which is reflected in a less optimal sequence of the material leading to those isolated statements and cross references Another organization issue is that despite the early introduction of the matrix of the four categories, the chapter structure doesn t follow the matrix, so that the reader can lose the thread of the matrix amongst the additional material on religion and detective plots Even with these caveats, the topic is a fascinating one, especially as Braudy develops the roots of horror stories in differing patterns of language, culture, and religion The roots of language related to horror are especially interesting, for example the relationship between the words grammar which was originally a synonym for the archaic word gramarye which meant occult , glamour which originally meant enchantment , and spell , with its double meaning of both the correct order of letters in a word and the verbal formula of a magician or witch p 91 Religion also, as Jimmy Buffet s song lyric hints, is a key element of horror, with its recognition of the supernatural, explanation of the possibility of life after death, and definitions of ritual to invoke the gods and otherworldly creatures that in our natural world appear as monsters Consider, for example the similarities between a 19th century spiritist Seance and a 20th century Pentacostal church service Braudy spends some time discussing Arthur Conan Doyle, who both created the super rational detective Sherlock Holmes and was a committed believer in the truth of spiritism, as a link between the realms of religion and horror, and Edgar Alan Poe, who wrote both gothic horror and some of the earliest detective stories, as a link between reason and horror So Haunted is a worthy book, just not as well presented or argued as it might have been I still think I would like better the followup volume where Braudy focuses on applying his taxonomy across the literature and movies of the last 150 years Mr Braudy, if you haven t already moved on to another topic, there s an idea for your next project. An academic investigation of the persistent monsters in, mostly, American culture Much of it applies to British culture too, but I m not sure proper attention was paid to other countries contributions to the forms and themes I like this book best when it sticks with historical data and least when it stretches out its interpretive tentacles in speculation The discussion, a recurrent theme really, about the conflicts of faith Catholic vs Protestant vs Humanist, etc are quite interesting and the author makes an excellent case for the clash of doctrines and world views still influencing our ideas of what a ghost or a witch is, and what they mean in a social or cultural context Likewise, the discussion of emergent ideas about the mind and the doppleganger or Dr J and Mr H, while not especially original, are fascinating, especially when contemporary texts and sources are cited I didn t like the chapter on detectives, mostly because it felt grafted Frankenstein like into the contents, and I didn t much like the concluding chapter, critiques of modernish film horrors that other writers have done better, but on the whole, this volume is a very worthwhile contribution to the quest for what horror means, both as a genre and as part of the folk culture of our society. This book is composed of eight chapters The first four about the religious history of horror are fascinating and seem to be well researched aside from one error and a couple of odd irrelevant comments about modern culture But then we get to the fifth chapter about detective fiction It starts off relevant enough but then wanders so far afield that I thought Braudy had pinched a chapter from Pistols and Petticoats 175 Years of Lady Detectives in Fact and Fiction After that he discusses dualism in Dr Jekyll Mr Hyde, vampires, and then the impact of the movies, but these chapters feel glossed over and lacking in detail, are often repetitive, and don t seem all that well researched One notable example of this problem is that he mentions in passing the modern spate of movies that involve body switching such as Big, Freaky Friday and Vice Versa, but apparently Braudy did not know that Vice Versa is based on a book originally published in 1882 Maybe if he had known, he might have elaborated on this concept in the chapter about dualism.So, I found the early chapters interesting, the later chapters not so much, and overall it came across as unfocused, like it was a transcript of a very smart person spouting off about his favorite books and movies without any particular goal in mind.Unlike other reviewers I didn t find it particularly difficult to read or understand.I got a free copy from NetGalley. I found it surprising to have Martin Luther mentioned on page 2 the monster wasfor Catholics, the diabolical reforms of Martin Luther, John Calvin, and others It certainly changed my way of reading this book The initial third of this book had its accent on religion and fear hope and horror good and evil Braudy reminds us how myth and legend control or at least influence our responses in the real world In the 17th century modern horror stories were based on real life fears, which were many When literacy and circulating libraries became common, there was an increase in fiction The book contains quite a bit of repetition but all in all, it is an amazing integration of religion, philosophy, psychology, natural science, technology, anthropology, myth, reality, art both written and visual to describe our fascination with the supernatural world. As a dedicated student and writer of horror and the gothic, I have collected and read a legion of books on the subject through the years, most of them being literary histories or collections of essays on the subject This book, however, is the first that not only attempts, but also succeeds in explaining why we keep writing and reading these stories on a massive scale The author s theories were real eye openers for me Gaps in my knowledge were filled by the author looking in beyond literary analysis, and dissecting the essence of the monster also in psychological, sociological, historical and philosophical ways What he did was simply genious I received a free copy via NetGalley Whenever someone asks me what kind of books I want to read my answer will be non fictional books But every time I try to get my hands on something that will keep me interested I m not that lucky with my choice For the longest time, I believed that maybe I m not made for them However, every once in a while I come across a book like Haunted and fall in love with it The synopsis promised a review of the past culture that shaped a lot of those monsters we know now from TV, movies, and literature The author did a great job to intertwine historical developments with works of literature and later cinema I m a huge fan of horror stories and classical monsters as some of the most intriguing ideas are rooted in earlier societies and their beliefs The book is written in a clear and easy to understand language although some parts were a little stiff but I didn t mind much I also discovered a whole new set of books I haven t read yet and I look forward to reading them However, here lies the reason why I settled for four stars instead of 5 As I didn t know all of the discussed books some of the ending as well as the plot twists were spoiled I guess most of the stories are well known which is why many people won t be surprised but this was not the case for me In the end, I m really happy that I discovered the book and I hope to read by the author in the future I recommend it to those who are a fan of classical literature as well as the horror genre in general. ^Free Epub ☠ Haunted ✐ An Award Winning Scholar And Author Charts Four Hundred Years Of Monsters And How They Reflect The Culture That Created Them Leo Braudy, A Finalist For Both The National Book Award And The National Book Critics Circle Award, Has Won Accolades For Revealing The Complex And Constantly Shifting History Behind Seemingly Unchanging Ideas Of Fame, War, And Masculinity Continuing His Interest In The History Of Emotion, This Book Explores How Fear Has Been Shaped Into Images Of Monsters And Monstrosity From The Protestant Reformation To Contemporary Horror Films And Fiction, He Explores Four Major Types The Monster From Nature King Kong , The Created Monster Frankenstein , The Monster From Within Mr Hyde , And The Monster From The Past Dracula Drawing Upon Deep Historical And Literary Research, Braudy Discusses The Lasting Presence Of Fearful Imaginings In An Age Of Scientific Progress, Viewing The Detective Genre As A Rational Riposte To The Irrational World Of The Monstrous Haunted Is A Compelling And Incisive Work By A Writer At The Height Of His Powers